By Carol Hymowitz and Alicia Ritcey
(Bloomberg) -- Chief executive officers are poised to collect an additional retirement windfall if President-elect Donald Trump succeeds in cutting the taxes of the highest U.S. earners, according to a new study.
The CEOs of Fortune 500 companies, who had accumulated almost $3 billion in tax-deferred accounts at the end of 2015, will owe the Internal Revenue Service about $990 million if the top federal tax rate is reduced to 33 percent, or $180 million less than they’d currently pay, the Institute for Policy Studies, a liberal think tank in Washington, said in a study released Thursday.
While rising executive pay and widening inequality across income groups have drawn increasing attention in the U.S., less has been made of the large gap in retirement savings, the authors say. Just 100 CEOs have accumulated retirement savings equal to the entire retirement accounts of 41 percent of U.S. families -- or more than 116 million people, according to the report.
“During the presidential campaign we heard the frustrations of workers about loss of jobs and security for old age, so it’s disturbing to see the growing CEO-to-worker retirement gap,” said Sarah Anderson, co-author and the institute’s global economy project director. “CEOs with tax-deferred accounts have been gambling that the tax rate will go down before they withdraw their savings, and now that is likely to happen.”
The bulk of CEO retirement savings is in deferred-compensation plans that permit executives to set aside salaries, bonuses and in some cases stock awards on a pretax basis. Because they only pay taxes when they withdraw the funds, they’ll benefit if the maximum marginal tax rate is lowered to 33 percent from the current 39.6 percent, as Trump has proposed.
Trump’s team says his plan benefits all Americans, including the working class. It ensures the rich pay “their fair share” but not enough to undermine job growth or U.S. competitiveness, according to the campaign website. Arthur Laffer, who served on President Ronald Reagan’s economics team, agrees.
“The tax cuts done correctly will benefit everyone and strengthen the economy -- and executives will stop spending time trying to dodge the rate with things like tax-deferred plans and spend more time working,” said Laffer, chairman and president of Laffer Investments in Nashville, Tennessee. Glenn Renwick, who led Progressive Corp. as CEO for almost 16 years before stepping down recently, is at the top of the study’s list with tax-deferred retirement savings of $194.4 million. Last year alone, Renwick, who’s still chairman, set aside $24.7 million in his tax-deferred account.
Workers at the Mayfield Village, Ohio-based insurance company are eligible for a 401(k) plan that includes a 100 percent matching contribution at up to 6 percent of income, for a maximum of $12,000.
“Our executive-compensation plan is tied to our company performance and based on objective, measurable criteria which aligns our executive interests with those of shareholders,” Brian Grace, director of communications, said by e-mail. “Regarding our 401(k) program, we believe in investing in our employees’ future.”
Unlike ordinary employees with 401(k)s, who can only set aside $18,000 a year of their own pay and an extra $6,000 if they’re 50 or older, top executives can often place unlimited amounts in special deferred-compensation plans. Some companies offer sweeteners including supplemental executive retirement plans.
Michael Neidorff, the chairman, president and CEO of Centene Corp., a provider of health plans to Medicaid recipients and other low-income Americans, saw the biggest gain in his retirement savings over five years, according to the study. He had $139.2 million in his deferred-compensation account at the end of 2015, a sevenfold jump from 2010.
Centene representatives couldn’t immediately be reached for comment.
“These deferred-compensation plans make visible the high-level wealth that CEOs can accumulate, sometimes over long careers,” said Gary Hewitt, a director at Sustainalytics, an Amsterdam-based corporate governance and investment research firm. “And CEOs take advantage of these plans because they believe they’ll be taxed lower when they withdraw their money than when they put it in.”
To contact the reporters on this story: Carol Hymowitz in New York at [email protected] ;Alicia Ritcey in New York at [email protected] To contact the editors responsible for this story: Brandon Kochkodin at [email protected] Josh Friedman, Alan Goldstein