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The Two Estate-Planning Documents Clients Need for College-Bound Kids

The pandemic has underscored their importance.

Estate planners are seeing a new trend in their line of work—clients increasingly requesting to put estate-planning documents in place for their college-bound kids. This trend is in line with new data showing that young adults are now the primary spreaders of COVID-19.

As experts in the United States fear that the return to schools and colleges will only fuel the trajectory of cases among the younger set, parents are now increasingly planning for this grim worst-case scenario by asking attorneys to put health care directives and durable powers of attorney (POAs) in place for their college-age children. Jamil Daoud, an attorney at Foley & Lardner’s Estates & Trusts practice in Tampa, Fla., says his practice has been inundated with calls from clients who are seeking to have these documents drafted before their offspring head out the door to college.

According to Daoud, the need for these documents isn’t novel, but the pandemic has brought the morbid reality of illness or a potential accident front and center for many clients and has underscored the importance of the documents.

Health Care Directive

“As far as health care decisions, state law applies and most states have default statutes for who can make medical decisions on your behalf, and it’s not always the correct order of people,” explains Daoud. For example, a stepparent or sibling may be the preferred agent to make decisions. With many college students traveling out of state, this can become an issue as both client and child may not be familiar with a particular state’s law.

A health care POA is most important, as it authorizes someone else to make medical decisions on behalf of the child, as well as gives access to medical records in the event the child is incapacitated or temporarily unable to make decisions for himself. The document is state-specific to where it will be used.

Durable POA

Some clients are also opting for a durable POA to make financial decisions on the child’s behalf. The financial POA is also state-specific. While the health care POA is important for all students, the financial POA can be more relevant for high-net-worth (HNW) families, as young adults from HNW families tend to have more assets and business interests at stake, says Daoud. But before discounting its importance, note that the financial POA can also authorize the designated agent to deal with student loans and sort out tuition bills.

Because these documents are relatively inexpensive and quick to put in place, Daoud says it’s a good idea for all clients with kids heading off to college to have them. Sometimes the attorney may need to step in and explain the importance of signing the documents to the child.

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