The death tax repeal sunsets in 2011. What should your clients tell their families?
My message is not for the easily offended, but, in the closing months of 2008, I feel this must be said: Congress still has not done anything about the estate tax law. If Congress doesn’t act very soon, each one of us should ask our clients some very hard questions: If they fall terminally ill before the end of this year, do they want to be kept on life support for additional days or months into 2009 so that their estates and families can benefit from that year’s higher estate tax exemption?
Or, if they’re stricken in 2009 and Congress still fails to act, do they want doctors to keep them alive until 2010 so that they can spare their heirs the additional pain of paying estate taxes at all—since under existing law estate tax is repealed in its entirety for those dying in the year 2010?
And how about if they fall ill in 2010? Do they want their families to pull the plug before 2011 dawns and the estate tax goes back to its previous, onerous state?
As we all know, when Congress enacted estate tax repeal in the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001, the law made it so that the estate tax exemption gradually increased until 2010. On Jan. 1, 2009, the exemption jumps from $2 million to $3.5 million. In 2010, the estate taxes are eliminated entirely. But the law sunsets—so that estate taxes return
and the exemption drops down in 2011 to what it was before the act: a mere $1 million.
Whether our clients really want their families to delay or hasten their deaths for estate-tax savings involves emotional, spiritual and ethical considerations. I know that when my father was in a coma, my family faced a difficult decision about how long we should let him linger once the doctors told us that there was no chance he would recover. I asked a neurologist not associated with his care to visit my dad in the hospital to see whether the recommendations made by the hospital physicians were appropriate.
Back then, there were no tax-timing issues associated with when my dad died. But if there were, I think my father, as a certified public accountant, would have told me to keep him on support for another day or two to save $675,000 for his family. On the other hand, I don’t know what he would have said (or how my family would have felt) about pulling the plug earlier, no matter what the savings might have been.
The financial rewards for delaying death from 2008 till 2009 are capped at $675,000 plus any associated state death taxes for those subject to state taxes. (Residents of Florida or other states without estate or succession taxes who don't have assets situated in another state that imposes such taxes pay no estate taxes upon death.)
I know this is macabre, but if estate tax legislation is not enacted before Jan. 1, 2010, then the potential savings of dying in 2010 could be enormous. Similarly, the consequences of dying in 2011 could be burdensome. Death and taxes are certain, but their dates and rates are not.
Don’t let your clients leave these dilemmas for their families to sort out. Make sure they let their families know now what they would want. Have your clients write letters to their families now. Or, better yet, they should amend any health care surrogate or death-with-dignity documents already in place to include a provision regarding potential tax savings.
Your clients can always write another letter or amend those documents later, if Congress should act this year (unlikely) or the next (let’s hope) or even the next.
The above newsletter was previously published in the October issue of Trusts & Estates, a sister publication to Registered Rep.
Financial Advisors—It’s Time to Up Your Game—Read Trusts & Estates.