1. Christine Lagarde
The first woman to lead both the International Monetary Fund and the European Central Bank.
After joining the French government as minister for foreign trade in 2005 after a long and successful period working for international law firm Baker McKenzie, Lagarde became the first woman to serve as finance minister for a G-7 country in 2007—navigating the global financial crisis and playing a key role in the organization of the emergency EU bailout fund for banks.
As chair of the G-20 when France took over its presidency in 2011, she set in motion an agenda to reform of the international monetary system.
On July 5, 2011, Lagarde became the eleventh managing director of the IMF, and the first woman to hold that position. She was elected to a second term, which started on July 5, 2016.
Eventually, Lagarde resigned that position when she was tapped to lead the ECB, becoming the fourth president of the bank and the first woman in the role.