Vanguard U.S. Value Factor ETF seeks to provide long-term capital appreciation. The fund invests primarily in U.S. common stocks with the potential to generate higher returns relative to the broad U.S. equity market by investing in stocks with relatively lower market valuations relative to fundamentals, such as book value of equity and earnings, as determined by the advisor. The portfolio will include a diverse mix of companies representing many different market sectors and industry groups. The advisor uses a quantitative model to evaluate all of the securities in an investment universe comprised of U.S. large, mid, and small capitalization stocks and to construct a U.S. equity portfolio that seeks to achieve exposure to securities with lower prices relative to fundamental measures of value subject to a set of reasonable constraints designed to foster portfolio diversification and liquidity. Securities with lower prices relative to fundamental value may be identified by measures such as book to price and earnings to price ratios.